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lollli60

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EINSTEIN

 Was four years old before he could speak,and seven before he could read!!

 

THOMAS EDISON

As a boy , was told by his teachers he was too stupid to learn anything .!

 

LEO TOLSTOY

Was a college drop out !

 

F.W.WOOLWORTH.

 His first employers would not let him serve the customers, because as they put it , he did not have enough sense.!!

 

WALT DISNEY

Was once sacked by an editor,because( he had no good ideas)!!!

 

BEETHOVEN

His music teacher once said that (as a composer he was hopeless)!!!

 

LOUISA MAY ALCOTT

Was told that she could never write anything that had popular appeal!!!

 


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Jones - John Paul (1747-1792) - America's first naval hero.

Kelvin - Lord (1824-1907) - University at age 10, professor at 22, prolific inventor and publisher of scientific papers.

Kenneth mac Alpin (? - 858AD) - First King of Alba, uniting the Picts and Scots.

Kidd - Captain William (1645-1701) - The treasure of this famous pirate, hanged in 1701, has never been found.

Knox - John (1513-1572) - Leader of the Reformation of the church in Scotland.

Lauder - Sir Harry (1870-1950) - Entertainer and song writer whose caricatures influenced Scotland's image.

Liddell - Eric Henry (1902-1945) - A great athlete, he became the subject of the film "Chariots of Fire".

Lister - Lord Joseph (1827-1912) - Pioneer of modern surgery and antiseptics.

Liston - Robert (1794-1847) - A brilliant surgeon before the days of anaesthetics.

Livingstone - Dr David (1813-1873) - African missionary and explorer.

Lyon - Elizabeth Bowes (1900-2002) - Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother, the world's favourite gran.

McAdam - John Loudon (1756-1836) - Improved a tar-based road surface which became known as "tarmac".

Macbeth - King (1005- 1057) - Shakespeare based his tragedy on selected facts about this Scottish king.

MacDonald - Flora (1725-1790) - Her bravery helped save Bonnie Prince Charlie after the defeat at Culloden.

MacDonald - James Ramsay (1866-1937) - Became the first Labour Prime Minister in Britain in 1924.

Macdonald - Sir John A (1815-1891) - First Prime Minister of Canada in 1867-1873 and again from 1878 to 1891.

McGonagall - William (1830-1902) - Considered by many to be the "worst poet in the world".

MacGregor - Rob Roy (1671-1734) - The larger than life Highland Rogue.

Macintosh - Charles (1766-1843) - His invention of waterproof clothing added his name to the English dictionary.

McKellar - Kenneth (1927- ) - This popular tenor toured the world with Scottish songs.

Mackenzie - Sir Alexander (1764-1820) - Explored Canada and reached the Pacific Ocean in 1793.

Mackenzie - Sir Compton (1883-1972) - Author of books such as "Whisky Galore" and a staunch nationalist.

Maclean - Alistair (1922-1987) - Author of books such as "HMS Ulysses" and "The Guns of Navaronne".

Macquarrie - Lachlan (1762-1824) - "Father of Australia".

Malcolm 'Canmore' (1031-1093) - King Malcolm killed Macbeth and Macbeth's stepson, Lulach.

Mary - Queen of Scots (1542-1587) - Her life was full of tragedy, violence and love.

Maxwell - James Clerk (1831-1879) - Crerated a profound change in the conception of reality in physics.

Miller - Hugh (1802-1856) - A pioneer of the science of geology.

Muir - John (1834-1914) - One of the founders of United States Conservation.

Murdoch - William (1754-1839) - Inventor who is best known for his manufacture of gas lighting.

New Zealand and Scots - From the first recorded settler to Governor General and three Prime Ministers.

Oliphant - Carolina (Lady Nairne) (1766-1845) - Carolina Oliphant's songs are second only in popularity to Burns.

Paolozzi - Eduardo (1924 - 2005) - An international painter and sculptor, born in Leith.

Paterson - William (1658-1719) - Founder of the Bank of England and organiser of the ill-fated Darien Scheme.

Pinkerton - Allan (1819-1884) - Founded the Pinkerton Detective Agency in Chicago in 1850.

Raeburn - Sir Henry (1756-1823) - One of Scotland's most famous portrait painters.

Ramensky - Johnny (1905-1972) - Criminal and a war hero, this master of escape became a legendary folk hero.

Ramsay - Allan Snr 1686-1758 - Started as a wigmaker and became a poet.

Ramsay - Allan Jnr 1713-1784 - Accomplished portrait painter of the rich and famous.

Robert I - King (1274-1329) - Robert the Bruce achieved Scotland's freedom.

Robert II - King (1316-90) King in Waiting for 53 Years.

Robert III - King (1337-1406) - Described himself as "the worst of kings and the most miserable of men."

Rowling - J. K. (1965 - ) - The author of the "Harry Potter" books has made Scotland her adopted home.

St Columba (521 - 597) - His abbey on Iona has had an influence on Scotland for over 1400 years.

St Kentigern/St Mungo (520-612) - Patron Saint of Glasgow.

St Margaret (1046-1093) - Descended from the Saxon King Alfred, born in Hungary and wife of King Malcolm III.

Scientific Terms and Scots - Scots who gave their names to scientific terms.

Scott - Sir Walter (1771-1832) - Author of novels such as "Ivanhoe" who also "invented" modern tartans.

Simpson - Sir James Y (1811-1870) - Pioneer of the medical use of chloroform.

Scott - Michael (? - 1236?) - Philospher, translator, alchemist, astrologer and legendary "wizard".

Scotus - John Duns (1265-1308) - One of the greatest of medieval thinkers, he gave his name to the word "dunce".

Slessor - Mary (1848-1915) - Missionary in Calabar, West Africa who transformed the treatment of women there.

Smith - Adam (1723-1790) - Wrote the first "modern" book on economics, advocating free trade to increase wealth.

Smith - Madeleine (1835-1928) - Her murder trial in 1855 was the most sensational ever heard in a Scottish court.

Smollet - Tobias George (1721- 1771) - Regarded as a founder of the modern novel.

Spence - Catherine (1826-1910) - Australia's first female political candidate and a campaigner for women's suffrage.

Stein - Jock (1922 - 1985) - One of the most successful football managers ever produced in Scotland.

Stevenson - Robert Louis (1850-1894) - Author of such classics as "Treasure Island" and "Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde".

Stewart - Sir Jackie (1939 - ?) - Formula 1 Racing World Champion in 1969, 1971 and 1973.

Stuart - Prince Charles Edward (1720-1788) - Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Jacobite Uprising of 1745/46.

Tannahill - Robert (1774-1810) - Paisley's most famous poet wrote in a similar style to Burns.

Telford - Thomas (1757-1834) - The "Colossus of Roads" earned a reputation as the finest civil engineer of his day.

Thomas the Rhymer (c1210-c1294) - Legend says he lived with the Queen of the Fairies under the Eildon Hills.

Thomson - Alexander "Greek" (1817-1875) - Architect whose admiration for Grecian forms bcame a trademark.

Transport and the Scots - Scots inventors from railways to steamboats and two-stroke engines.

Tranter - Nigel (1909-2000) - A celebrated novelist who revived interest in Scottish history.

UK Run by Scots - From the Prime Minister to the leader of the Liberal Democrat Party.

United States First Governors - Nine of the first governors of the 13 states were of Scottish ancestry.

Wallace - Sir William (?- 1305) - The freedom fighter who inspired a nation to fight back.

Watson-Watt - Sir Robert (1892-1973) - Developed radar which helped to win the Battle of Britain in 1940.

Watt - James (1736-1819) - His development of the steam engine was the springboard for the Industrial Revolution.

William I - King ("The Lion") (1143-1214) - His heraldic lion rampant symbol gave him his nickname "The Lion".

Wilson - Alexander (1766-1813) - He published nine volumes of his illustrations of North American birds.

Wingate - Walter (1865-1918) - A schoolmaster whose poems have been taught to generations of schoolchildren.

Witherspoon - John (1723-1794) - Scottish minister urged the signing of the American Declaration of Independence.


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Robert Louis Stevenson


Robert Louis Stevenson


Here are biographies of a growing selection of Scots who have had an influence on the world - ranging from saints in the 6th century to Billy Connolly in the 20th. There are already over 120 famous Scots in this index, in alphabetical order. But if you are looking for someone specific, you may find it faster to use the "search" or "find" function on your browser.

Adam - Robert (1728-1792) - Architect of Culzean Castle and many other fine buildings.

Alexander III - King (1241-1286) - A direct descendant of the first king of the Scots, Kenneth mac Alpin.

Allan - Robert (1774-1841) - Born in Kilbarchan, Renfrewshire, died in USA.

Asquith - Margot (1864-1945) - High society wit and non-conformist who married Prime Minister Herbert Asquith.

Baird - John Logie (1888-1946) - Started the first TV station in the world.

Barrie - Sir J M (1860-1937) - Author of "Peter Pan" and "The Admirable Crichton".

Barbour - John (1316-1395) - Father of Scottish vernacular poetry with his epic "The Brus".

Bell - Alexander Graham (1847-1922) - Inventor of the telephone and involved in genetics and phonetics.

Brewster - Sir David (1781-1868) - Invented the kaleidoscope and the lenticular stereoscope.

Brodie - Deacon William (? - 1788) - A colourful and successful thief and inspiration for "Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde".

Bruce - James (1730-1794) - A giant of a man who found the source of the Nile in Abbysinia in 1770.

Buchan - John (1875-1940) - Governor General of Canada and an the author of "The Thirty-Nine Steps" etc.

Buchanan - George (1506-1582) - Moderator of the Church of Scotland in 1567.

Burns - Robert (1759-1796) - Scotland's most celebrated poet.

Burrell - Sir William (1861-1958) - A wealthy shipping magnate who gave his art collection to Glasgow.

Byron - George Gordon (Lord Byron) (1788-1824) - His Scottish childhood doubtless had an impact on the poet.

Campbell - Colin, 1st Baron Clyde (1792-1863) - His exploits at Balaclava gave rise to the "thin red line" legend.

Carlyle - Thomas (1795-1881) - An influential philosopher and historian of the Victorian age.

Carnegie - Andrew (1835-1919) - The railway, iron and steel tycoon who gave all his wealth away.

Chalmers - Thomas (1780-1847) - Led a third of the Church of Scotland ministers to form the Free Church.

Charles I - King (1600-1649) - Conflict with Parliament and the people led to Civil War - and his execution.

Charles II - King (1630-1685) - Charles II was determined to hold on to his throne - and succeeded.

Connery - Sir Sean (1930- ) - Regarded by some as the greatest president Scotland never had.

Connolly - Billy (1942 - ) - The shipyard worker who became an international actor and comedian.

Cranston - Kate (1850-1934) - An entrepreneur who encouraged the artistic talents of Charles Rennie Mackintosh.

Dale - David (1739-1806) - His mills in New Lanark were the largest cotton-spinning mills in Britain.

David I - King (1084-1153) - After 30 years at the English court he led many knights north when he became king.

David II - King (1324-1371) - Son of Robert the Bruce, King David II was a less successful monarch.

Dewar - Donald (1937-2000) - Architect of the new Scottish Parliament and its first First Minister.

Dewar - Sir James (1842-1923) - Inventor of the vacuum flask.

Douglas - David (1799-1834) - Botanist and explorer after whom the Douglas fir is named.

Doyle - Sir Arthur Conan (1859-1930) - Based his famous detective Sherlock Holmes on a forensic scientist.

Duncan - Adam, 1st Viscount Camperdown (1731-1804) - Defeated the Dutch navy at Camperdown.

Duncan - Rev Henry (1774-1846) - Founder of the mutual savings bank movement, restorer of the Ruthwell Cross.

Dunlop - John Boyd (1840-1921) - Established the Dunlop Rubber Company.

Ferguson - Sir Alex (1942 - ) - A football manager who has made two different teams European Champions.

Fleming - Sir Alexander (1881-1955) - Won the Nobel prize as discoverer of penicillin.

Forrest - George (1873-1932) - Brought back over 30,000 specimens of 10,000 plants from China.

Galgacus (Lived Around 80AD - Earliest recorded Scot, his Caledonii tribe were defeated by the Romans.

Geddes - Sir Patrick (1854-1932) - Chiefly known for his ideas on town planning.

Gladstone - William Ewart (1809-1898) - UK Prime Minister.

Glover - Sir Thomas Blake (1838 - 1911) - Responsible for the modern industrialisation of Japan.

Graham - James, 1st Marquess of Montrose (1612-50) - A brilliant soldier.

Graham - John, Viscount Dundee (1648-1689) - "Bonnie Dundee" came from Sir Walter Scott's song.

Grierson - John (1898-1972) - "Father of the documentary".

Haig - Earl of Bemersyde (1861-1928) - Commander-in-chief of British forces in France in the 1914-18 War.

Hall of the Heroes - Sixteen famous Scots highlighted in the William Wallace National Monument.

Hepburn - James (1536-1578) - 4th Earl of Bothwell, he abducted Mary Queen of Scots and married her.

Hill - David Octavius (1802 - 1870) - Produced some of the finest photographic portraits of the 19th century

Hogg - James (1770-1835) - The "Ettrick Shepherd" poet wrote often about his native Borders.

Hume - David (1711-1776) - Voted recently as the Scot who had made the greatest impact in the last 1,000 years.

Inglis - Elsie (1864-1917) - Winston Churchill wrote that Inglis and her nurses "would shine in history".

Jackson - Gordon (1923-1990) - Actor remembered for "Tunes of Glory" and "Upstairs and Downstairs".

James I - King (1394-1437) - Became a prisoner of the English King Henry IV at age 12.

James II - King (1430-1460) - A violent reign, full of murders and intrigue.

James III - King (1451-1488) - Reigned for 28 years but was overthrown by his son, James IV.

James IV - King (1473-1513) - As penance for the death of his father, he wore an iron chain for the rest of his life.

James V - King (1512 to 1542) - Died only days after the birth of his daughter, Mary Queen of Scots.

James VI - King (1566-1625) - The first king of both Scotland and England.

lollli60

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Reply with quote  #3 

 WOW!!!! Admin2 you are a mine of information


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Quote:
Originally Posted by lollli60

 WOW!!!! Admin2 you are a mine of information

Can you PM H6 and let him know and I might get a bonus

 

http://pespmc1.vub.ac.be/Papers/GiftedProblems.pdf


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How gifted brains work.


Special to  World Science

Highly intelligent people use slightly different brain circuitry to solve IQ test problems than their less gifted peers, some new studies have found.

Areas of greatest differences in gray matter volume between high- and low-IQ people (Richard Haier, University of California at Irvine).

The findings are sparking some debate, because different experiments have given different results, leading to varying opinions on how highly intelligent brains work. 

Nonetheless, researchers say they’re hopeful that the findings have enough in common to eventually give clear answers—and possibly, some speculate, help researchers devise techniques to improve thinking abilities.

“Where in the brain is intelligence? Are we getting close to an answer?” Richard J. Haier of the University of California at Irvine, who has conducted many studies on individual differences in intelligence, asked rhetorically. “I think we are.”

One new study has found that although people show increased activity in several brain regions while taking IQ tests, gifted people show even greater activity in these regions. 

This difference was especially pronounced in a zone called the posterior parietal cortex, at the top-back of the head, the researchers found, suggesting further study of this area might give insights into how intelligence works.

The researchers—Kun Ho Lee at Seoul National University in Korea, and others at Yale University in New Haven, Conn., and other institutions—published the findings in the Aug. 22 early online edition of the research journal Neuroimage.

The posterior parietal cortex is considered important for “working memory”—the ability to hold items actively in mind, as when remembering a phone number for a few seconds, according to the researchers. Thus, high intelligence might partly be a fairly straightforward matter of more working memory capacity, they said.

But the claim of a special role for this brain area was somewhat unusual in light of previous studies. 

Of several past studies of highly intelligent people’s brain functions, most hadn’t suggested a special role for this region, though most did include it among several areas thought to be important for intelligence. However, at least one previous study did find a special role for this region, as Lee did. Also, Lee and colleagues noted, this area was enlarged in Einstein’s brain.

Nonetheless, Haier says the evidence overall doesn’t point to one brain area as having overarching importance in intelligence. “The idea that there is only one site for general intelligence has been proposed from time to time,” but the bulk of the evidence refutes it, he said.

The evidence does, however, point to a specific network of brain areas underlying intelligence, Haier said. Thus, this whole network could be studied to get a better understanding of intelligence. 

Most of this network lies in the cerebral cortex, the wrinkly surface of the brain that has long been considered the seat of higher cognitive functions. The network, he added, has been identified in over 20 imaging studies of both brain structure and function.

In structural studies, “we have found very specific brain areas where more gray matter goes with higher IQ,” he said. Gray matter refers to parts of the brain consisting mostly of the central bodies of brain cells, rather than their long, thread-like extensions, which they use to transmit signals to other cells. IQ stands for intelligence quotient, a measure of reasoning ability as determined by an intelligence test.

The cerebral cortex areas Haier identifies as key for intelligence include parts of the parietal cortex—same region Lee’s group focused on—but also parts of areas known as the frontal, temporal and occipital cortex. These have been tied to attention and goal-seeking behavior, language abilities, and visual information processing, respectively.

One variable that has confounded IQ-test studies is that some of them actually find lower, not higher, brain activation among gifted people. This fits neatly with a hypothesis proposed by Haier—that more intelligent brains work more efficiently, so that brain circuits unnecessary for the task at hand aren’t used. But the phenomenon has perplexed researchers on the whole, since some studies show the opposite.

Haier has proposed that the phenomenon may be related to how hard a task is for a particular person. Haier and colleagues in 1995 arranged a study so that gifted and average people were assigned problems that were equally difficult for their intelligence level, and found that the effect vanished.

Overall, the effect seems to reflect the fact that intelligent people have “more activity in less brain volume,” said Norbert Jaušovec of the University of Maribor in Maribor, Slovenia, in an email. But the effect is still not fully understood, he added; for instance, it seems more pronounced in males than in females, for reasons unknown.

Lee proposes that a better understanding of the biological basis of intelligence could help researchers devise techniques to improve learning abilities. 

There’s no evidence that one can enhance intelligence as a whole, he said, but one might be able to stimulate activity in certain brain areas to enhance learning. In a recent email, he said he is interested in a device called the transcranial magnetic stimulator, which through the use of magnetic fields “may be able to activate specific regions of our brain.”

 

 

Transcranial magnetic stimulation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a noninvasive method to excite neurons in the brain. The excitation is caused by weak electric currents induced in the tissue by rapidly changing magnetic fields (electromagnetic induction). This way, brain activity can be triggered or modulated without the need for surgery or external electrodes. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation is known as rTMS. TMS is a powerful tool in research and diagnosis for mapping out how the brain functions, and has shown promise for noninvasive treatment of a host of disorders, including depression and auditory hallucinations.

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Left Handed People can think more quickly.

A new study claims that left handed people might be better at:

  • Talking while driving in heavy traffic
  • Piloting jet fighters
  • Playing fast video games

The authors find that lefties are “better able to use both sides of their brain” and “are more efficient when dealing with multiple stimuli”.

However, based on the design of the study, I would say the authors have found this left-handed advantage to be true for visual information, but not necessarily other modalities such as mathematics, language, proprioception, etc…

You can read the full article here.

Click here for an earlier post I wrote on why left-handed people may be more brain damaged.

Also interesting: Chris McManus(University College London), author of Right Hand, Left Hand, claims:

  • The proportionof left handers is rising and
  • Left handers tend to be higher achievers

http://www.smart-kit.com/s268/left-handed-people-can-think-more-quickly/


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Reply with quote  #7 

Noo i'm printin this one oot for ammo!! by the by their incorrect on the languages too...ma speaks three...trust me... i'm a pilot too amongst others here....right boys? ,xxxma

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Quote:
Originally Posted by steeleyma

Noo i'm printin this one oot for ammo!! by the by their incorrect on the languages too...ma speaks three...trust me... i'm a pilot too amongst others here....right boys? ,xxxma

Was it a 747 Airbus you were flying ma?


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I swept that yin tae right hand side smartass!! .......that was 3 fluent...no as quick wi my russian YIT... ............anyhow u n yer copilot'v enough air tae blow for all o us! ,xxxma

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Quote:
Originally Posted by steeleyma

I swept that yin tae right hand side smartass!! .......that was 3 fluent...no as quick wi my russian YIT... ............anyhow u n yer copilot'v enough air tae blow for all o us! ,xxxma

Êàê ïîæèâàåøü? Maski


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Reply with quote  #11 

A2 ur gettin better that only took ye 8 minutes tae check up!! and no u didn't get me ,xxxma

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Quote:
Originally Posted by steeleyma

A2 ur gettin better that only took ye 8 minutes tae check up!! and no u didn't get me ,xxxma

OK smarty pants what does it mean?....PS I was making tea and finishing off my laundry before I posted it


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Quote:
Originally Posted by Admin2
Quote:
Originally Posted by steeleyma

Noo i'm printin this one oot for ammo!! by the by their incorrect on the languages too...ma speaks three...trust me... i'm a pilot too amongst others here....right boys? ,xxxma

Was it a 747 Airbus you were flying ma?

WOW


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Reply with quote  #14 

HOi!! ur fir it noo.......back in a mo!!.......i'd soooo luv to be in person wi you right noo...we'd see who's talkin shite!! ,xxma

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Quote:
Originally Posted by steeleyma

HOi!! ur fir it noo.......back in a mo!!.......i'd soooo luv to be in person wi you right noo...we'd see who's talkin shite!! ,xxma

OK am geen in  

 

Êàê ïîæèâàåøü? How are you?

 

 


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