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Youngsters on an estate


Criminal gangs have been around for centuries but police believe they have become more organised in recent years. So how do they operate?

A prior engagement one night 21 years ago prevented Shaun Bailey from a life of crime.

"I can place to the day the point I missed out on becoming an idiot," he recalls. "A group of friends was going to burgle a factory near where I live. I missed it because I was at the cadets and they were all arrested."

Of the group of 12, three are now dead of gun or knife wounds, and others have been involved in "madness" or suffered mental health problems, says Shaun, 35.

He credits his uncle for making him join the Army cadets, which not only saved him that fateful night but taught him to listen to his mother and grandmother's values and less to the "street".

The camaraderie is unbelievable and is a bit like the Army
Shaun Bailey
After getting a degree, he returned to the west London estates where he grew up and for more than a decade has helped prevent youngsters drifting into gangs and crime, in the knowledge that the line separating a life of purpose and one of violence is a thin one.

But not everyone escapes. Last week the Metropolitan Police identified 169 gangs in London, a quarter of which have been involved in murder.

A gang led by the men who murdered City lawyer Tom ap Rhys Pryce committed at least 150 robberies, and compiled a robbery guide to Underground stations which rated areas according to police presence and victims.

"The nature of gangs in London is changing and we are starting to see more clearly definable gangs - only a couple or a handful at the moment," says Met Police assistant commissioner Steve Round.

Ganging up:

Getting into a gang depends on a recommendation, a family connection or a big reputation, says Shaun, and initiation could mean receiving a beating or stabbing someone. The more organised gangs have tattoos and use websites to spread their message.

Young people in Bristol
When is a gang a gang?
"It's a loose association and you might see the others every night or once or twice a week. Now and then someone will plan something or say you need to meet.

"There's a real power in it, especially if someone has a problem and you deal with it. The camaraderie is unbelievable and is a bit like the Army. People are dependent on you and you have a role. There's the safety, the friendship and there's the purpose."

A role could be keeping the gun, cutting up the drugs or even fixing the mopeds, he says.

"You're getting affirmation from alpha males. Another man telling you that you are good or worthwhile is very, very important."

Yob culture:

Gangs are nothing new, of course. In Victorian times, there were the Scuttlers in Manchester and the Peaky Blinders in Birmingham at a time when, not unlike today, there was a panic about yobbery and hooliganism. But methods have changed.

Professor Gus John
It's a brutalising environment that seeks to transform the individual into a complete and utter monster
Professor Gus John
"In my time robbing adults was a big step and people were very rarely prepared to do that," says Shaun. "Now it's stabbing people to death. My friends waited until they were 20 before they got shot. Now there are more guns and knives."

Professor Gus John, who has studied gang culture in Manchester and London and advised the Home Office on policy, says that in recent years those using guns are getting younger. They are more likely to take the law into their own hands, and geography is playing more of a part in gang warfare, which used to be defined more by conflict over business deals.

Some gangs demand a loyalty test on joining, which in extreme cases could mean committing an act of violence against a family member.

"It's a brutalising environment that seeks to transform the individual from what could be a reasonable, well-adjusted social being into a complete and utter monster."

Gangs are usually between 20 to 30 in number and members aged between 15 and 25, he says, but their activities are hidden and many communities like Moss Side which have gangs are otherwise well-balanced, vibrant places to live.

"It's not as if the community would be intimidated by seeing 30 or 40 people together, necessarily. It's the way in which they operate within sub-cultures that are on the margins of what the rest of the community is seeing."

Rules of behaviour:

There are three common means of income - drugs, robbery and handling stolen goods. The leaders are clearly identified in the more organised gangs, says Professor John, and when one is killed or imprisoned, others vie for top spot.

Children hanging around in large groups is the most natural thing in the world - whether they are a gang is about what they're doing
Shaun Bailey
And despite the brutality, there is a "moral" code which means younger and elderly relatives are usually off-limits.

"Even within the madness there are certain codes and principles that they ascribe to. But they might not respect the grandparent enough not to hide a gun in their house."

People apply the term "gangs" too liberally and should be careful doing that, he believes, because it confers a status which is worn as a badge of honour.

Shaun Bailey believes government plans for tougher sentences for gangs will glamorise and encourage them, and the notion of what defines a gang is not clear.

"Children hanging around in large groups is the most natural thing in the world," he says. "But whether they are a gang is about what they're doing."

He says the estates in North Kensington where he lives and works have "clicks", groups lacking the loyalty, names and codes of violence associated with the gangs which reside a few miles away in White City and Shepherds Bush.

For instance, if a gang member was attacked then the rest are obliged to exact revenge, but in a click they would not - although they may well do anyway, he says.

Clicks can be formed and dissolved instantly, coming together for an event like the Notting Hill Carnival, and may or may not be involved in crime.

But the distinctions may be irrelevant anyway. In Birmingham, even those not members of gangs imitate the behaviour of those who are, says Karl White, who has 24 years experience working with young people in parts of the city where gangs are rife.

"They may not be a gang member but they become dangerous because they do dangerous things because they want to be gangsters."


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Nice one Berlin


Glasgow Gangs
As early as the 1700s there used to be a weekly Saturday night stonefight across the river Clyde. There used to be a small island in the middle of the Clyde, just where Calton Place runs next to the river. Gangs of boys and men used to gather at the foot of Stockwell Street, and a similar sized gang on the Gorbals side. Stealth was used to reach the island, and fighting at close quarters was common on it's banks. It was only when a boy was killed that the fights began to die away. In the late 1700s, the students of the College in the High Street used to wage stonethrowing battles with the uneducated youth of the city. After the founding of Wilson's Charity School in 1778, the pupils there used to regularly battle with the students of the Grammar School. In those days there was no police force to counteract these disturbances. There had been gangs in Ireland since the early 1700s, many of them fighting gangs in the Glasgow tradition, such as the Shanavists, the Caravats, and the Ruskavallas. It is probable that a lot of the rise in gang activity in Glasgow can be traced to the 1840s and 1850s when shiploads of Irish immigrants, fleeing the potato famine, landed in the west of Scotland. The catholic and protestant divide arrived in Glasgow, a facet of Glasgow life which persists to this day.
The first gangs which come to the newspapers attentions were the Penny Mob gangs of the 1870s. These gangs would ask subscription from their members to pay the fines of anyone jailed by the police, a penny a head, thus Penny Mob gangs. In 1883, one of these gangs, called the Ribbon Men, blew up a gasometer in Tradeston.

Some Known Gangs


The Tongs
The Tois
The Govans
Ruchill Boy  
The Monks

The Blackhill Toi

As the century drew to a close, the courts began to stop offering fines as an alternative to jail, and the penny mob gangs died away. The small gangs began to group together for mutual protection, and thus the rise of the large area gang. These gangs were huge, and commanded the whole of a district - they were made up of many smaller gangs who fought under a common leader aff.
For a more history information visit Tongs Ya Bass
  Special thanks to James McGowan for letting use his words.


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          just checked link it says password


'this site if it's still got it had pictures and gang names of all the west of scotland gangs.i'll do a scan through it. see if there still on it.

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UK Chaps

There has been many UK gangsters over the years. Some very famous that ended up as household names. Some, not so famous, but just as organised. In the coming weeks we will map out some of the lives of these people.

Freddie Foreman

The Krays

The Yardies

Mad Frankie Fraser

Lenny McLean The Guv'nor

Gangs of Glasgow

Darby Sabini 1920s Gangleader of Italian origin, whose gang waged war with the Birmingham Boys.

Jack Spot (Jack Comer) Early 1900s Gambling boss and black marketeer.

William (Billy) Hill 1940s-1950s Rival gang leader of Jack Spot. Fled to Australia where he hired thugs to try to have Spot murdered..

Albert Dimes 1940s-1950s Billy Hills Chief enforcer

George Cornell 1960s Member of the Richardson Gang. Murdered by Ronald Kray in 1965.

Charlie Richardson 1960s Joint gang leader. Kray Twins biggest rivals in the 60s. There turf was classed as south London area. By 1965 his gang was put out of business by the London police.

Eddie Richardson 1960s Brother and counterpart of above

Jack 'The Hat' McVite 1960s Came to fame as the man Reggie Kray killed.


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the nedumentary!
I first became intrigued by the world of the ned about 7 years ago after encountering them during various visits to the ned mecca we call Glasgow. Their bright plumage coupled with their unprovoked violent behaviour caught the attention of the scientist in me so I invested in a pair of binoculars and began to study the culture of this, the most fascinating of the pack animals. If only David Attenborough had thought of it first.

I had a burning desire to share my findings with the world therefore in September of 2000 I decided to make 'Nedumentary' whilst in my final year of art school. On a budget of almost nothing I purchased a few second hand tracksuit tops, rounded up a few friends and set about shooting the spoof. It was completed in two weeks. Since then the film has enjoyed enormous success on the underground circuit and I have had pressure to get it to web ever since.


A ned media frenzy has really exploded in the last few years and sites such as are testament to the public's fascination with the world of the ned, kev, chav, skally or my preferred term, street monkey. I can only hope this film has a positive effect on the neds lucky enough to see it. I pray that they will see the error of their ways and hang up their caps for good.

Please join the ned debate in the forum and remember folks: look both ways before crossing the street and don't feed the neds.

pure yours an aw that,


download the nedumentary!



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Alex Shondor Birns & Danny Greene:
Two unbelievably colorful Tony Soprano-type mobsters, Alex Shondor Birns and Irishman Danny Greene, both brutal killers, who courted the press and enjoyed a long powerful reign, helped bring the Mafia to its present demise.

Whitey Bulger:
With unusual cunning and a predator's survival instinct, he ruled the Boston underworld for decades. Thanks to his guardian angels at the Boston FBI, he had a long and violent run.

Al Capone:
The full, unvarnished story of the brilliant and brutal Chicago crime czar. Most people don't realize that if Capone's father hadn't died when he did, Al would not have gone into a life of crime, but would probably have stayed a bookkeeper in a legitimate Baltimore construction company. Capone's father, a respectable Italian immigrant, who worked hard to own his own business, would never have permitted his son to become a gangster.

Being of Neopolitan rather than Sicilian heritage, Capone could never be part of the Mafia. Also, he married a middle-class Irish-American girl. These two factors gave him an independence from the New York Mafia. What better place for an entrepreneurial gangster to get started than the wild and wooly Chicago in the 1920s.

Capone's older brother James was a strong-minded and independent boy who wanted to escape the crowded city and go west where the prospects were better. Strong and muscular, anxious for adventure and wide open spaces, he joined the circus and traveled all over the Midwest. For the first time, he was exposed to American Indians and became fascinated with their culture.

He had changed his name to Richard Hart to fit the Anglo culture of the West and joined the federal Prohibition agency as enforcer on Indian reservations. Known as "Two-Gun Hart," he served as a body guard for President Calvin Coolidge.

Al Capone - French Version:
Read the Al Capone story in French.

Mickey Cohen:
A tough-guy in Hollywood befriends super-rich William Randolph Hearst when daughter Patty is kidnapped by the African American terrorist group, the Symbionese Liberation Army, and gets involved when friend Johnny Stompanato is stabbed by movie star Lana Turner's daughter.

"What're You Gonna Do Now, Tough Guy?":
Murder, the Mob, and the Notorious Phrase That Wouldn't Go Away.

Roy DeMeo:
Alleged executioner of some 200 people, his complex life is described very differently by law enforcement, the criminals that were his associates and the people in his family.

Sam Giancana:
Was this mobster responsible for Marilyn Monroe's death?

The Godfather, Fact & Fiction:
The Francis Ford Coppola film series is a masterpiece taken from stories of real life gangsters but softened to show the Mafia as "men of honor" rather than cut-throat thugs.

John Gotti, Junior & Victoria:
In the mid-1980s the feds, with the help of local law enforcement, began to dismantle organized crime families across the country. In the midst of this effort, John Gotti stepped forward and captured the public's attention in what seemed like the final gasp for the Hollywood-style gangster to leave his mark in the annals of American criminal history. Gotti became the darling of the New York media. With his habit of coming through criminal trials unscathed and penchant for expensive and fashionable attire, he became the icon of the American gangster.

As Gotti rose to the top he left behind a bloody trail of bodies, as well as an assortment of embarrassed law enforcement agencies. Putting him away became an obsession that would cause the government to go after him with no holds barred .

Looking back at Gotti's reign one can see that his only true achievement as a Mafia chieftain was to captivate the public's attention. At this, Gotti had few equals. But as a leader he was quite lacked the ability that characterized the careers of such mob luminaries as Capone, Luciano, Lansky, Torrio, Costello and Gambino. In the end it was Gotti's ego and carelessness that led to his downfall.

The second generation of the Gotti family is no less newsworthy: After three mistrials, the feds have given up on prosecuting the "Teflon Don's" son, John "Junior" Gotti. It appears as though the Teflon was inherited.

No less flamboyant that her papa, Victoria Gotti Jr. has done her best to capitalize on her family's notoriety as a novelist and one-time TV reality-show star.

Sammy "The Bull" Gravano:
The mobster who squealed on John Gotti to save his own skin. New chapter added.

The Kray Twins:
Britain's most notorious gangster brothers Reggie and Ronnie Kray, includes the final updated chapter

Meyer Lansky:
Known as the "Mastermind of the Mob"

Lucky Luciano:
The first modern gangster executive

Married to the Mob:
A mob wifes operating principle is simple: As long as her husband can bring in enough income to support his family and maintain a respectable lifestyle, the wife doesnt care to know where it all came from. And if shes smart, she wont ask.

Mob Mistresses:
Hollywood myths and reality about mob girlfriends are light-years apart. The old code of honor was pushed aside in favor of an "every man for himself" mentality, and a wiseguy knows that his friends are just as likely as his enemies to be the ones who take him down. The hands-off policy is gone and a woman who is perceived as a threat because of what she knows is just as likely as her lover to end up dead.

George "Bugs" Moran:
The man for whom Capone arranged the St. Valentine's Day Massacre

Dion O'Banion:
Colorful Irish gangster took on Capone

Arnold Rothstein:
The Dark Genius of The Mob

Dutch Schultz:
The "Beer Baron of the Bronx"

Bugsy Siegel:
Celebrity gangster takes the Mob to Hollywood and Vegas

Real Life Sopranos:
Art imitates life. New Jersey mobsters are flattered that they have become the role models for the hit television series. Popular author Anthony Bruno looks at the real mob bosses and soldiers who inspired the Sopranos characters, from Anthony "Gaspipe" Casso to Anthony "Little Pussy" Russo.

Robert Trimbole:
From bankruptcy to millions, from race fixing to murder, the story of "Aussie Bob" Trimbole, one of Australia's most notorious gangsters.

Joseph Valachi:
The mobster who revealed some of the Mafia's best kept secrets.


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In order to better understand the gang mentality, the following are considered the "Three R's" of gang culture:

(1) REPUTATION/REP. This is of critical concern to "gangbangers" (gang members). A rep extends not only to each individual, but to the gang as a whole. In some groups, status (or rank) is gained within the gang by having the most "juice" based largely on one's reputation. While being "juiced" is very important, the manner by which the gang member gains the "juice" is just as important. Upon interview, many gang members embellish their past gang activities in an attempt to impress their conversation partner.


Gang members freely admit crimes and it has been my experience that most in fact do embellish their stories to enhance their feeling of power. In many gangs, to become a member, you must be "jumped in" by members of the gang. This entails being "beaten down" until the leader calls for it to end. Afterwards, all gang members hug one another to further the "G thing". This action is meant to bond the members together as a family. Frequently, young gang members, whether hardcore or associate, will talk of fellowship and the feeling of sharing and belonging as their reason for joining a gang.

(2) RESPECT. This is something everyone wants and some gang members carry their desire for it to the extreme. Respect is sought for not only the individual, but also for one's set or gang, family, territory, and various other things, real or perceived in the mind of the "gangbanger".

Some gangs require, by written or spoken regulation, that the gang member must always show disrespect to rival gang members. (Referred to in gang slang as dis). If a gang member witnesses a fellow member failing to dis a rival gang through hand signs, graffiti, or a simple "mad dog" or stare-down, they can issue a "violation" to their fellow posse member and he/she can actually be "beaten down" by their own gang as punishment. After dis has been issued, if it is witnessed, the third "R" will become evident.

(3) RETALIATION/REVENGE. It must be understood that in gang culture, no challenge goes unanswered. Many times, drive-by shootings and other acts of violence follow an event perceived as dis. A common occurrence is a confrontation between a gang set and single rival "gangbanger." Outnumbered, he departs the area and returns with his "homeboys" to complete the confrontation to keep his reputation intact. This may occur immediately or follow a delay for planning and obtaining the necessary equipment to complete the retaliatory strike.


It must also be understood that many acts of violence are the result of bad drug deals or infringement on drug territory. Some question the authenticity of gang rivalry in shootings and other acts of violence. However, if a group of individuals are together committing either random or pre- planned violence, aren't they a gang? If the gang aspect is learned about, many crimes can be solved through the use of accurate intelligence gathering techniques by law enforcement agencies dealing with this problem. In gangbanging, today's witness is tomorrow's suspect, is the next day's victim.


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Michael Lyons
Michael Lyons died after the incident in north Glasgow
Three men have been arrested by detectives investigating a triple shooting which left one man dead and two others injured.

Michael Lyons, 21, died after an incident on Balmore Road, Glasgow, on 6 December. His cousin Stephen Lyons, 26, and Robert Pickett, 41, were injured.

A police spokesman said: "Three men, aged 21, 33 and 45 years, have been arrested and are detained in custody."

The men are expected to appear at Glasgow Sheriff Court on Monday.


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4 March 2007

A FATHER and son are among three men arrested in a dramatic swoop by armed police probing the murder of Michael Lyons.

Raymond Anderson, nicknamed Rainbow, and his 21-year-old son, also Raymond, were detained after an early-morning raid at their home in Drumchapel, Glasgow, on Friday.

Anderson, 45, and his son are due in court tomorrow in connection with the Lyons shooting.

The pair, plus another 33-year-old man, are accused of murdering Lyons, 21, last December at a garage in Lambhill, Glasgow.

They are also being held in connection with the shooting of Stephen Lyons, 26, and family associate Robert Pickett, 41, from Paisley.

Strathclyde Police are under intense pressure to resolve tit-for-tat gun wars in north Glasgow.

Councill or Billy McAllister has called for the resignation of Chief Constable Willie Rae after 14 shootings between rival drug-dealing families.

Michael Lyons' funeral is expected to take place in the coming weeks.

The TRUTH is out there...........

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Clad in the youth uniform of shellsuits, baseball caps and trainers, the teenagers swig from half empty MD 20/20 bottles.

The scene in the shadow of a decaying tower block is played out in towns and cities across the UK by bored youngsters hanging around on street corners.

Swastika graffiti

But this is Scotland's largest city and these youths are part of a worrying new trend - self styled street gangs which increasingly target asylum seekers and refugees.

Some of those now terrorising housing schemes in Glasgow have allegedly formed tentative links with Nazi groups and display a fevered determination to attack refugees and asylum seekers.

Glasgow's gangs are nothing new. They have a long and violent history dating back to fearsome battles fought over long-forgotten streets during the 18th century.

As the city positions itself as a post-industrial success story, many would rather forget the city's notorious street gangs and their appetite for Clockwork Orange-style "recreational violence".

But this new breed of (predominantly) teenage thugs have been quick to capitalise on the sinister opportunities offered by the internet.

Gang websites and online forums proliferate with links to extremist groups such as Combat 18 and loyalist paramilitaries. Notorious gangs such as the Toryglen Nazi Circus, the Young Toryglen Toi and the Bowery Wee Mob have websites daubed with Nazi insignia and links to far right discussion forums.

A new generation of Glasgow's gangs target asylum seekers

In the south side of Glasgow, one gang member, who asked not to be named, said: "Why shouldn't we give them a hard time?

"They (asylum seekers) are dropped in here from all over the place and end up with the best houses in the scheme.

"We just give them grief and it can get a bit mental."

Groups, such as the BNP, have already used recent flashpoints such as the Kriss Donald murder trial to fuel racial hatred.

The case, one of Scotland's most high profile racially motivated murders, became a cause celebre for gang members who use message boards to discuss attacks on asylum seekers and refugees.

Gang website
A street gang's website is dotted with far-right insignia

Several gang web pages, complete with pictures of gang members in various states of intoxication, are linked to another series of websites billing themselves as a forum for "national socialists worldwide".

An entry from Glasgow used a number of racial epithets and issued an ominous warning about the Kriss Donald murder.

It said: "It's a disgrace. Imagine if it was an ethnic child who was snatched off the street, tortured and killed.

"Gone but never forgotten, wee man, justice is coming."

Some of these gangs have a fearsome reputation for violence and are quick to defend their territory against "outsiders".

It would appear for many of them, that asylum seekers and refugees have formed an easily identifiable target.

One area in Glasgow has more than 300 asylum seeker and refugee families.

Gang signs

While some members of the community have welcomed asylum seekers with open arms, gangs of youths have also tried to make their lives a misery.

The area is dotted with aging multi-storey flats and run-down shop fronts. Most of them are emblazoned with gang signs and racially offensive graffiti.

One local community activist said: "There were some real problems and at one time we thought the asylum seekers would have to get bussed in and out.

"It's a youth problem. These kids have nothing to do and they are fiercely territorial. Drink is often involved too.

"Then when you add a group of asylum seekers or refugees who in some cases look different or have a different cultural background, these gangs can react.

"You do get swastikas daubed on shop fronts and that type of thing and it is totally unacceptable.

As a group, asylum seekers and refugees are easily 'othered'
Dr Susan Batchelor
University of Glasgow

"Whether that is part of youthful bravado and an attempt to look tough or of something more sinister remains to be seen. It is very worrying."

Fears of a growing politicisation of gangs and the specific targeting of ethnic minorities comes at a time when there is already a massive exodus among asylum seekers.

Nearly all of Scotland's asylum seekers are based in Glasgow, but research has shown two-thirds leave the city once the Home Office has approved their claims.

A Scottish Executive study labelled the levels of racial harassment "shocking".

Dr Susan Batchelor, a leading criminologist at the University of Glasgow, said asylum seekers and refugees were an easy target for young gang members.

A former gang member at the launch of Operation Tag - Picture from Strathclyde Police
Former gang member James escaped when he moved home

She said: "These gangs are very territorial. Some of them are quick to chase out anyone who enters their patch and asylum seekers would fall into that category.

"As a group, asylum seekers and refugees are easily 'othered'. They perhaps speak a different language or have a different culture and it is very easy for them to be singled out.

"I have met some of the people involved in gangs and they were very insular. I interviewed young people from Possil in the north of the city and yet they had still never been into the city centre.

Extra officers

"Gangs are about belonging, and race and ethnicity are a very quick way to differentiate people."

Last year, a crackdown on youth gangs in Glasgow was stepped up. About 90 extra police officers have been posted on the streets in "hot spot" areas as part of Operation Tag.

Plain clothes "spotters" are used to "identify and disrupt" gangs which cause the most trouble between 1800 BST and 2200 BST on Friday and Saturday.

Extra officers have already been posted from police offices at Govan, New Gorbals, Cathcart, Giffnock and Pollok.

However, for asylum seekers in particular, these gangs and their deep-seated territorialism means that, as yet, they have little chance of making a happy and productive new home in Scotland.


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A man was found dead with gunshot wounds in north-west London, it has emerged.

Officers were called to reports of a shooting in Scrubs Lane at 1615 GMT on Sunday afternoon.

The victim, a 21-year-old man, was pronounced dead at the scene. A post-mortem examination is due to take place on Monday.

Police said they have informed next-of-kin. No-one has been arrested and no weapon recovered.

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